[NOTE: THE FOLLOWING IS TEXT FROM THE U.S. CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS]
THE LAW HAS BEEN UPDATED IN 2008 and can be seen at:
http://edocket.access.gpo.gov/2008/pdf/08-1305.pdf


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[The law presented below is as posted at the Government Printing Office
Website at: 
http://www.access.gpo.gov/nara/cfr/waisidx_00/42cfr418_00.html
[Revised as of October 1, 2000]
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[Code of Federal Regulations]
[Title 42, Volume 2, Parts 400 to 429]
[Revised as of October 1, 2000]
From the U.S. Government Printing Office via GPO Access
[CITE: 42CFR418.1]

[Page 693]
 
                         
TITLE 42--PUBLIC HEALTH
CHAPTER IV--HEALTH CARE FINANCING ADMINISTRATION,
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES
 
PART 418--HOSPICE CARE--Table of Contents
 

418.1   Statutory basis.
418.2   Scope of part.
418.3   Definitions.
418.20  Eligibility requirements.
418.21  Duration of hospice care coverage--Election periods.
418.22  Certification of terminal illness.
418.24  Election of hospice care.
418.28  Revoking the election of hospice care. 
418.30  Change of the designated hospice.
418.50  Condition of participation--General provisions.
418.52  Condition of participation--Governing body.
418.54  Condition of participation--Medical director.
418.56  Condition of participation--Professional management.
418.58  Condition of participation--Plan of care.
418.60  Condition of participation--Continuation of care.
418.62  Condition of participation--Informed consent.
418.64  Condition of participation--Inservice training.
418.66  Condition of participation--Quality assurance.
418.68  Condition of participation--Interdisciplinary group.
418.70  Condition of participation--Volunteers.
418.72  Condition of participation--Licensure.
418.74  Condition of participation--Central clinical records.
418.80  Condition of participation--Furnishing of core services. 
418.82  Condition of participation--Nursing services.
418.83  Nursing services--Waiver of requirement that substantially all nursing 	  services be routinely provided directly by a hospice. 
418.84  Condition of participation--Medical social services.
418.86  Condition of participation--Physician services.
418.88  Condition of participation--Counseling services.
418.90  Condition of participation--Furnishing of other services.
418.92  Condition of participation--Physical therapy, occupational therapy, and 	  speech-language pathology.
418.94  Condition of participation-- Home health aide and homemaker services.
418.96  Condition of participation--Medical supplies.
418.98  Condition of participation--Short term inpatient care.
418.100 Condition of participation  Hospices that provide inpatient care 	  directly.
418.200 Requirements for coverage. 
418.202 Covered services. 
418.204 Special coverage requirements.
418.301 Basic rules.
418.302 Payment procedures for hospice care.
418.304 Payment for physician services.
418.306 Determination of payment rates.
418.307 Periodic interim payments. 
418.308 Limitation on the amount of hospice payments.
418.309 Hospice cap amount.
418.310 Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.
418.311 Administrative appeals.
418.400 Individual liability for coinsurance for hospice care.
418.402 Individual liability for services that are not considered hospice care.
418.405 Effect of coinsurance liability on Medicare payment.

  

              Subpart A--General Provision and Definitions
 
Sec. 418.1  Statutory basis.


    This part implements section 1861(dd) of the Social Security Act. 
Section 1861(dd) specifies services covered as hospice care and the 
conditions that a hospice program must meet in order to participate in 
the Medicare program. The following sections of the Act are also 
pertinent:
    (a) Sections 1812(a) (4) and (d) of the Act specify eligibility 
requirements for the individual and the benefit periods.
    (b) Section 1813(a)(4) of the Act specifies coinsurance amounts.
    (c) Sections 1814(a)(7) and 1814(i) of the Act contain conditions 
and limitations on coverage of, and payment for, hospice care.
    (d) Sections 1862(a) (1), (6) and (9) of the Act establish limits on 
hospice coverage.

[48 FR 56026, Dec. 16, 1983, as amended at 57 FR 36017, Aug. 12, 1992]

[CITE: 42CFR418.2]

[Page 693]
 
                   
              Subpart A--General Provision and Definitions
 
Sec. 418.2  Scope of part.

    Subpart A of this part sets forth the statutory basis and scope and 
defines terms used in this part. Subpart B specifies the eligibility 
requirements and the benefit periods. Subpart C specifies conditions of 
participation for hospices. Subpart D describes the covered services and 
specifies the limits on services covered as hospice care. Subpart E 
specifies the reimbursement methods and procedures. Subpart F specifies 
coinsurance amounts applicable to hospice care.

[Page 693]
                    
  
Sec. 418.3  Definitions.

    For purposes of this part--
    Attending physician means a physician who--
    (a) Is a doctor of medicine or osteopathy; and
    (b) Is identified by the individual, at the time he or she elects to 
receive hospice care, as having the most significant role in the 
determination and delivery of the individual's medical care.
    Bereavement counseling means counseling services provided to the 
individual's family after the individual's death.
    Cap period means the twelve-month period ending October 31 used in 
the application of the cap on overall hospice reimbursement specified in 
Sec. 418.309.
    Employee means an employee (defined by section 210(j) of the Act) of 
the hospice or, if the hospice is a subdivision of an agency or 
organization, an employee of the agency or organization who is 
appropriately trained and assigned to the hospice unit. ``Employee'' 
also refers to a volunteer under the jurisdiction of the hospice.
    Hospice means a public agency or private organization or subdivision 
of either of these that--is primarily engaged in providing care to 
terminally ill individuals.
    Physician means physician as defined in Sec. 410.20 of this chapter.
    Representative means an individual who has been authorized under 
State law to terminate medical care or to elect or revoke the election 
of hospice care on behalf of a terminally ill individual who is mentally 
or physically incapacitated.
    Social worker means a person who has at least a bachelor's degree 
from a school accredited or approved by the Council on Social Work 
Education.
    Terminally ill means that the individual has a medical prognosis 
that his or her life expectancy is 6 months or less if the illness runs 
its normal course.

[48 FR 56026, Dec. 16, 1983, as amended at 52 FR 4499, Feb. 12, 1987; 50 
FR 50834, Dec. 11, 1990]
[Page 693]
 
 
        Subpart B--Eligibility, Election and Duration of Benefits
 
Sec. 418.20  Eligibility requirements.


    In order to be eligible to elect hospice care under Medicare, an 
individual must be--
    (a) Entitled to Part A of Medicare; and
    (b) Certified as being terminally ill in accordance with 
Sec. 418.22.
[Page 693-694]
 
 
Sec. 418.21  Duration of hospice care coverage--Election periods.

    (a) Subject to the conditions set forth in this part, an individual 
may elect to receive hospice care during one

[[Page 694]]

or more of the following election periods:
    (1) An initial 90-day period.
    (2) A subsequent 90-day period.
    (3) A subsequent 30-day period.
    (4) A subsequent extension period of unlimited duration during the 
individual's lifetime.
    (b) The periods of care are available in the order listed and may be 
elected separately at different times.

[55 FR 50834, Dec. 11, 1990, as amended at 57 FR 36017, Aug. 12, 1992]
[Page 694]
 
Sec. 418.22  Certification of terminal illness.

    (a) Timing of certification--(1) General rule. The hospice must 
obtain written certification of terminal illness for each of the periods 
listed in Sec. 418.21, even if a single election continues in effect for 
two, three, or four periods, as provided in Sec. 418.24(c).
    (2) Basic requirement. Except as provided in paragraph (a)(3) of 
this section, the hospice must obtain the written certification no later 
than two calendar days after the period begins.
    (3) Exception. For the initial 90-day period, if the hospice cannot 
obtain the written certifications within two calendar days, it must 
obtain oral certifications within two calendar days, and written 
certifications no later than eight calendar days after the period 
begins.
    (b) Content of certification. The certification must specify that 
the individual's prognosis is for a life expectancy of 6 months or less 
if the terminal illness runs its normal course.
    (c) Sources of certification. (1) For the initial 90-day period, the 
hospice must obtain written certification statements (and oral 
certification statements if required under paragraph (a)(3) of this 
section) from--
    (i) The medical director of the hospice or the physician member of 
the hospice interdisciplinary group; and
    (ii) The individual's attending physician if the individual has an 
attending physician.
    (2) For subsequent periods, the only requirement is certification by 
one of the physicians listed in paragraph (c)(1)(i) of this section.
    (d) Maintenance of records. Hospice staff must--
    (1) Make an appropriate entry in the patient's medical record as 
soon as they receive an oral certification; and
    (2) File written certifications in the medical record.

[55 FR 50834, Dec. 11, 1990, as amended at 57 FR 36017, Aug. 12, 1992]
[Page 694-695]
 
Sec. 418.24  Election of hospice care.

    (a) Filing an election statement. An individual who meets the 
eligibility requirement of Sec. 418.20 may file an election statement 
with a particular hospice. If the individual is physically or mentally 
incapacitated, his or her representative (as defined in Sec. 418.3) may 
file the election statement.
    (b) Content of election statement. The election statement must 
include the following:
    (1) Identification of the particular hospice that will provide care 
to the individual.
    (2) The individual's or representative's acknowledgement that he or 
she has been given a full understanding of the palliative rather than 
curative nature of hospice care, as it relates to the individual's 
terminal illness.
    (3) Acknowledgement that certain Medicare services, as set forth in 
paragraph (d) of this section, are waived by the election.
    (4) The effective date of the election, which may be the first day 
of hospice care or a later date, but may be no earlier than the date of 
the election statement.
    (5) The signature of the individual or representative.
    (c) Duration of election. An election to receive hospice care will 
be considered to continue through the initial election period and 
through the subsequent election periods without a break in care as long 
as the individual--
    (1) Remains in the care of a hospice; and
    (2) Does not revoke the election under the provisions of 
Sec. 418.28.
    (d) Waiver of other benefits. For the duration of an election of 
hospice care, an individual waives all rights to Medicare payments for 
the following services:
    (1) Hospice care provided by a hospice other than the hospice 
designated by the individual (unless provided under

[[Page 695]]

arrangements made by the designated hospice).
    (2) Any Medicare services that are related to the treatment of the 
terminal condition for which hospice care was elected or a related 
condition or that are equivalent to hospice care except for services--
    (i) Provided by the designated hospice:
    (ii) Provided by another hospice under arrangements made by the 
designated hospice; and
    (iii) Provided by the individual's attending physician if that 
physician is not an employee of the designated hospice or receiving 
compensation from the hospice for those services.
    (e) Re-election of hospice benefits. If an election has been revoked 
in accordance with Sec. 418.28, the individual (or his or her 
representative if the individual is mentally or physically 
incapacitated) may at any time file an election, in accordance with this 
section, for any other election period that is still available to the 
individual.

[55 FR 50834, Dec. 11, 1990]
[Page 695]
 
Sec. 418.28  Revoking the election of hospice care.

    (a) An individual or representative may revoke the individual's 
election of hospice care at any time during an election period.
    (b) To revoke the election of hospice care, the individual or 
representative must file a statement with the hospice that includes the 
following information:
    (1) A signed statement that the individual or representative revokes 
the individual's election for Medicare coverage of hospice care for the 
remainder of that election period.
    (2) The date that the revocation is to be effective. (An individual 
or representative may not designate an effective date earlier than the 
date that the revocation is made).
    (c) An individual, upon revocation of the election of Medicare 
coverage of hospice care for a particular election period--
    (1) Is no longer covered under Medicare for hospice care;
    (2) Resumes Medicare coverage of the benefits waived under 
Sec. 418.24(e)(2); and
    (3) May at any time elect to receive hospice coverage for any other 
hospice election periods that he or she is eligible to receive.




[Page 695]
 
Sec. 418.30  Change of the designated hospice.

    (a) An individual or representative may change, once in each 
election period, the designation of the particular hospice from which 
hospice care will be received.
    (b) The change of the designated hospice is not a revocation of the 
election for the period in which it is made.
    (c) To change the designation of hospice programs, the individual or 
representative must file, with the hospice from which care has been 
received and with the newly designated hospice, a statement that 
includes the following information:
    (1) The name of the hospice from which the individual has received 
care and the name of the hospice from which he or she plans to receive 
care.
    (2) The date the change is to be effective.
[Page 695-696]
 
     Subpart C--Conditions of Participation--General Provisions and 
                             Administration
 
Sec. 418.50  Condition of participation--General provisions.


    (a) Standard: Compliance. A hospice must maintain compliance with 
the conditions of this subpart and subparts D and E of this part.
    (b) Standard: Required services. A hospice must be primarily engaged 
in providing the care and services described in Sec. 418.202, must 
provide bereavement counseling and must--
    (1) Make nursing services, physician services, and drugs and 
biologicals routinely available on a 24-hour basis;
    (2) Make all other covered services available on a 24-hour basis to 
the extent necessary to meet the needs of individuals for care that is 
reasonable and necessary for the palliation and management of terminal 
illness and related conditions; and
    (3) Provide these services in a manner consistent with accepted 
standards of practice.
    (c) Standard: Disclosure of information. The hospice must meet the 
disclosure

[[Page 696]]

of information requirements at Sec. 420.206 of this chapter.

[48 FR 56026, Dec. 16, 1983, as amended at 55 FR 50834, Dec. 11, 1990]
[Page 696]
 
 
Sec. 418.52  Condition of participation--Governing body.

    A hospice must have a governing body that assumes full legal 
responsibility for determining, implementing and monitoring policies 
governing the hospice's total operation. The governing body must 
designate an individual who is responsible for the day to day management 
of the hospice program. The governing body must also ensure that all 
services provided are consistent with accepted standards of practice.
[Page 696]
 
Sec. 418.54  Condition of participation--Medical director.

    The medical director must be a hospice employee who is a doctor of 
medicine or osteopathy who assumes overall responsibility for the 
medical component of the hospice's patient care program.
[Page 696]
 
 
Sec. 418.56  Condition of participation--Professional management.

    Subject to the conditions of participation pertaining to services in 
Secs. 418.80 and 418.90, a hospice may arrange for another individual or 
entity to furnish services to the hospice's patients. If services are 
provided under arrangement, the hospice must meet the following 
standards:
    (a) Standard: Continuity of care. The hospice program assures the 
continuity of patient/family care in home, outpatient, and inpatient 
settings.
    (b) Standard: Written agreement. The hospice has a legally binding 
written agreement for the provision of arranged services. The agreement 
includes at least the following:
    (1) Identification of the services to be provided.
    (2) A stipulation that services may be provided only with the 
express authorization of the hospice.
    (3) The manner in which the contracted services are coordinated, 
supervised, and evaluated by the hospice.
    (4) The delineation of the role(s) of the hospice and the contractor 
in the admission process, patient/family assessment, and the 
interdisciplinary group care conferences.
    (5) Requirements for documenting that services are furnished in 
accordance with the agreement.
    (6) The qualifications of the personnel providing the services.
    (c) Standard: Professional management responsibility. The hospice 
retains professional management responsibility for those services and 
ensures that they are furnished in a safe and effective manner by 
persons meeting the qualifications of this part, and in accordance with 
the patient's plan of care and the other requirements of this part.
    (d) Standard: Financial responsibility. The hospice retains 
responsibility for payment for services.
    (e) Standard: Inpatient care. The hospice ensures that inpatient 
care is furnished only in a facility which meets the requirements in 
Sec. 418.98 and its arrangement for inpatient care is described in a 
legally binding written agreement that meets the requirements of 
paragraph (b) and that also specifies, at a minimum--
    (1) That the hospice furnishes to the inpatient provider a copy of 
the patient's plan of care and specifies the inpatient services to be 
furnished;
    (2) That the inpatient provider has established policies consistent 
with those of the hospice and agrees to abide by the patient care 
protocols established by the hospice for its patients;
    (3) That the medical record includes a record of all inpatient 
services and events and that a copy of the discharge summary and, if 
requested, a copy of the medical record are provided to the hospice;
    (4) The party responsible for the implementation of the provisions 
of the agreement; and
    (5) That the hospice retains responsibility for appropriate hospice 
care training of the personnel who provide the care under the agreement.

[48 FR 56026, Dec. 16, 1983; 48 FR 57282, Dec. 29, 1983]
[Page 696-697]
 
 
Sec. 418.58  Condition of participation--Plan of care.

    A written plan of care must be established and maintained for each 
individual admitted to a hospice program,

[[Page 697]]

and the care provided to an individual must be in accordance with the 
plan.
    (a) Standard: Establishment of plan. The plan must be established by 
the attending physician, the medical director or physician designee and 
interdisciplinary group prior to providing care.
    (b) Standard: Review of plan. The plan must be reviewed and updated, 
at intervals specified in the plan, by the attending physician, the 
medical director or physician designee and interdisciplinary group. 
These reviews must be documented.
    (c) Standard: Content of plan. The plan must include an assessment 
of the individual's needs and identification of the services including 
the management of discomfort and symptom relief. It must state in detail 
the scope and frequency of services needed to meet the patient's and 
family's needs.

[Page 697]
  
Sec. 418.60  Condition of participation--Continuation of care.

    A hospice may not discontinue or diminish care provided to a 
Medicare beneficiary because of the beneficiary's inability to pay for 
that care.
[Page 697]
 
 
Sec. 418.62  Condition of participation--Informed consent.

    A hospice must demonstrate respect for an individual's rights by 
ensuring that an informed consent form that specifies the type of care 
and services that may be provided as hospice care during the course of 
the illness has been obtained for every individual, either from the 
individual or representative as defined in Sec. 418.3.
[Page 697]
  
Sec. 418.64  Condition of participation--Inservice training.

    A hospice must provide an ongoing program for the training of its 
employees.
[Page 697]
  
Sec. 418.66  Condition of participation--Quality assurance.

    A hospice must conduct an ongoing, comprehensive, integrated, self-
assessment of the quality and appropriateness of care provided, 
including inpatient care, home care and care provided under 
arrangements. The findings are used by the hospice to correct identified 
problems and to revise hospice policies if necessary. Those responsible 
for the quality assurance program must--
    (a) Implement and report on activities and mechanisms for monitoring 
the quality of patient care;
    (b) Identify and resolve problems; and
    (c) Make suggestions for improving patient care.
[Page 697]
 
Sec. 418.68  Condition of participation--Interdisciplinary group.

    The hospice must designate an interdisciplinary group or groups 
composed of individuals who provide or supervise the care and services 
offered by the hospice.
    (a) Standard: Composition of group. The hospice must have an 
interdisciplinary group or groups that include at least the following 
individuals who are employees of the hospice:
    (1) A doctor of medicine or osteopathy.
    (2) A registered nurse.
    (3) A social worker.
    (4) A pastoral or other counselor.
    (b) Standard: Role of group. The interdisciplinary group is 
responsible for--
    (1) Participation in the establishment of the plan of care;
    (2) Provision or supervision of hospice care and services;
    (3) Periodic review and updating of the plan of care for each 
individual receiving hospice care; and
    (4) Establishment of policies governing the day-to-day provision of 
hospice care and services.
    (c) If a hospice has more than one interdisciplinary group, it must 
designate in advance the group it chooses to execute the functions 
described in paragraph (b)(4) of this section.
    (d) Standard: Coordinator. The hospice must designate a registered 
nurse to coordinate the implementation of the plan of care for each 
patient.

[Page 697-698]
                    
 
Sec. 418.70  Condition of participation--Volunteers.

    The hospice in accordance with the numerical standards, specified in 
paragraph (e) of this section, uses volunteers, in defined roles, under 
the supervision of a designated hospice employee.
    (a) Standard: Training. The hospice must provide appropriate 
orientation

[[Page 698]]

and training that is consistent with acceptable standards of hospice 
practice.
    (b) Standard: Role. Volunteers must be used in administrative or 
direct patient care roles.
    (c) Standard: Recruiting and retaining. The hospice must document 
active and ongoing efforts to recruit and retain volunteers.
    (d) Standard: Cost saving. The hospice must document the cost 
savings achieved through the use of volunteers. Documentation must 
include--
    (1) The identification of necessary positions which are occupied by 
volunteers;
    (2) The work time spent by volunteers occupying those positions; and
    (3) Estimates of the dollar costs which the hospice would have 
incurred if paid employees occupied the positions identified in 
paragraph (d)(1) for the amount of time specified in paragraph (d)(2).
    (e) Standard: Level of activity. A hospice must document and 
maintain a volunteer staff sufficient to provide administrative or 
direct patient care in an amount that, at a minimum, equals 5 percent of 
the total patient care hours of all paid hospice employees and contract 
staff. The hospice must document a continuing level of volunteer 
activity. Expansion of care and services achieved through the use of 
volunteers, including the type of services and the time worked, must be 
recorded.
    (f) Standard: Availability of clergy. The hospice must make 
reasonable efforts to arrange for visits of clergy and other members of 
religious organizations in the community to patients who request such 
visits and must advise patients of this opportunity.
[Page 698]
 
Sec. 418.72  Condition of participation--Licensure.

    The hospice and all hospice employees must be licensed in accordance 
with applicable Federal, State and local laws and regulations.
    (a) Standard: Licensure of program. If State or local law provides 
for licensing of hospices, the hospice must be licensed.
    (b) Standard: Licensure of employees. Employees who provide services 
must be licensed, certified or registered in accordance with applicable 
Federal or State laws.
[Page 698]
 
Sec. 418.74  Condition of participation--Central clinical records.

    In accordance with accepted principles of practice, the hospice must 
establish and maintain a clinical record for every individual receiving 
care and services. The record must be complete, promptly and accurately 
documented, readily accessible and systematically organized to 
facilitate retrieval.
    (a) Standard: Content. Each clinical record is a comprehensive 
compilation of information. Entries are made for all services provided. 
Entries are made and signed by the person providing the services. The 
record includes all services whether furnished directly or under 
arrangements made by the hospice. Each individual's record contains--
    (1) The initial and subsequent assessments;
    (2) The plan of care;
    (3) Identification data;
    (4) Consent and authorization and election forms;
    (5) Pertinent medical history; and
    (6) Complete documentation of all services and events (including 
evaluations, treatments, progress notes, etc.).
    (b) Standard; Protection of information. The hospice must safeguard 
the clinical record against loss, destruction and unauthorized use.

[Page 698-699]
 
                  
Sec. 418.80  Condition of participation--Furnishing of core services.


    Except as permitted in Sec. 418.83, a hospice must ensure that 
substantially all the core services described in this subpart are 
routinely provided directly by hospice employees. A hospice may use 
contracted staff if necessary to supplement hospice employees in order 
to meet the needs of patients during periods of peak patient loads or 
under extraordinary circumstances. If contracting is used, the hospice 
must maintain professional, financial, and administrative responsibility 
for the services and must assure that the

[[Page 699]]

qualifications of staff and services provided meet the requirements 
specified in this subpart.

[52 FR 7416, Mar. 11, 1987, as amended at 55 FR 50835, Dec. 11, 1990]
[Page 699]
 
 
          Subpart D--Conditions of Participation: Core Services
 
Sec. 418.82  Condition of participation--Nursing services.

    The hospice must provide nursing care and services by or under the 
supervision of a registered nurse.
    (a) Nursing services must be directed and staffed to assure that the 
nursing needs of patients are met.
    (b) Patient care responsibilities of nursing personnel must be 
specified.
    (c) Services must be provided in accordance with recognized 
standards of practice.

[Page 699]
 
 
Sec. 418.83  Nursing services--Waiver of requirement that substantially all nursing services be routinely provided directly by a hospice.

    (a) HCFA may approve a waiver of the requirement in Sec. 418.80 for 
nursing services provided by a hospice which is located in a non-
urbanized area. The location of a hospice that operates in several areas 
is considered to be the location of its central office. The hospice must 
provide evidence that it was operational on or before January 1, 1983, 
and that it made a good faith effort to hire a sufficient number of 
nurses to provide services directly. HCFA bases its decision as to 
whether to approve a waiver application on the following:
    (1) The current Bureau of the Census designations for determining 
non-urbanized areas.
    (2) Evidence that a hospice was operational on or before January 1, 
1983 including:
    (i) Proof that the organization was established to provide hospice 
services on or before January 1, 1983;
    (ii) Evidence that hospice-type services were furnished to patients 
on or before January 1, 1983; and
    (iii) Evidence that the hospice care was a discrete activity rather 
than an aspect of another type of provider's patient care program on or 
before January 1, 1983.
    (3) Evidence that a hospice made a good faith effort to hire nurses, 
including:
    (i) Copies of advertisements in local newspapers that demonstrate 
recruitment efforts;
    (ii) Job descriptions for nurse employees;
    (iii) Evidence that salary and benefits are competitive for the 
area; and
    (iv) Evidence of any other recruiting activities (e.g., recruiting 
efforts at health fairs and contacts with nurses at other providers in 
the area);
    (b) Any waiver request is deemed to be granted unless it is denied 
within 60 days after it is received.
    (c) Waivers will remain effective for one year at a time.
    (d) HCFA may approve a maximum of two one-year extensions for each 
initial waiver. If a hospice wishes to receive a one-year extension, the 
hospice must submit a certification to HCFA, prior to the expiration of 
the waiver period, that the employment market for nurses has not changed 
significantly since the time the initial waiver was granted.

[52 FR 7416, Mar. 11, 1987]
[Page 699]
 
Sec. 418.84  Condition of participation--Medical social services.

    Medical social services must be provided by a qualified social 
worker, under the direction of a physician.
[Page 699]
 
Sec. 418.86  Condition of participation--Physician services.

    In addition to palliation and management of terminal illness and 
related conditions, physician employees of the hospice, including the 
physician member(s) of the interdisciplinary group, must also meet the 
general medical needs of the patients to the extent that these needs are 
not met by the attending physician.

[Page 699-700]
 
Sec. 418.88  Condition of participation--Counseling services.

    Counseling services must be available to both the individual and the 
family. Counseling includes bereavement counseling, provided after the 
patient's death as well as dietary, spiritual and any other counseling 
services for the individual and family provided while the individual is 
enrolled in the hospice.
    (a) Standard: Bereavement counseling. There must be an organized 
program

[[Page 700]]

for the provision of bereavement services under the supervision of a 
qualified professional. The plan of care for these services should 
reflect family needs, as well as a clear delineation of services to be 
provided and the frequency of service delivery (up to one year following 
the death of the patient). A special coverage provision for bereavement 
counseling is specified Sec. 418.204(c).
    (b) Standard: Dietary counseling. Dietary counseling, when required, 
must be provided by a qualified individual.
    (c) Standard: Spiritual counseling. Spiritual counseling must 
include notice to patients as to the availability of clergy as provided 
in Sec. 418.70(f).
    (d) Standard: Additional counseling. Counseling may be provided by 
other members of the interdisciplinary group as well as by other 
qualified professionals as determined by the hospice.
[CITE: 42CFR418.90]

[Page 700]
 
         Subpart E--Conditions of Participation: Other Services
 
Sec. 418.90  Condition of participation--Furnishing of other services.


    A hospice must ensure that the services described in this subpart 
are provided directly by hospice employees or under arrangements made by 
the hospice as specified in Sec. 418.56.

[48 FR 56026, Dec. 16, 1983, as amended at 55 FR 50835, Dec. 11, 1990]
[Page 700]
 
Sec. 418.92  Condition of participation--Physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech-language pathology.

    (a) Physical therapy services, occupational therapy services, and 
speech-language patholgy services must be available, and when provided, 
offered in a manner consistent with accepted standards of practice.
    (b)(1) If the hospice engages in laboratory testing outside of the 
context of assisting an individual in self-administering a test with an 
appliance that has been cleared for that purpose by the FDA, such 
testing must be in compliance with all applicable requirements of part 
493 of this chapter.
    (2) If the hospice chooses to refer specimens for laboratory testing 
to another laboratory, the referral laboratory must be certified in the 
appropriate specialties and subspecialties of services in accordance 
with the applicable requirements of part 493 of this chapter.

[57 FR 7135, Feb. 28, 1992]

[Page 700]
 
Sec. 418.94  Condition of participation-- Home health aide and homemaker services.

    Home health aide and homemaker services must be available and 
adequate in frequency to meet the needs of the patients. A home health 
aide is a person who meets the training, attitude and skill requirements 
specified in Sec. 484.36 of this chapter.
    (a) Standard: Supervision. A registered nurse must visit the home 
site at least every two weeks when aide services are being provided, and 
the visit must include an assessment of the aide services.
    (b) Standard: Duties. Written instructions for patient care are 
prepared by a registered nurse. Duties include, but may not be limited 
to, the duties specified in Sec. 484.36(c) of this chapter.

[48 FR 56026, Dec. 16, 1983, as amended at 55 FR 50835, Dec. 11, 1990]
[Page 700-701]
 
Sec. 418.96  Condition of participation--Medical supplies.

    Medical supplies and appliances including drugs and biologicals, 
must be provided as needed for the palliation and management of the 
terminal illness and related conditions.
    (a) Standard: Administration. All drugs and biologicals must be 
administered in accordance with accepted standards of practice.
    (b) Standard: Controlled drugs in the patient's home. The hospice 
must have a policy for the disposal of controlled drugs maintained in 
the patient's home when those drugs are no longer needed by the patient.
    (c) Standard: Administration of drugs and biologicals. Drugs and 
biologicals are administered only by the following individuals:
    (1) A licensed nurse or physician.
    (2) An employee who has completed a State-approved training program 
in medication administration.
    (3) The patient if his or her attending physician has approved.
    (4) Any other individual in accordance with applicable State and 
local

[[Page 701]]

laws. The persons, and each drug and biological they are authorized to 
administer, must be specified in the patient's plan of care.
[Page 701]
 
Sec. 418.98  Condition of participation--Short term inpatient care.

    Inpatient care must be available for pain control, symptom 
management and respite purposes, and must be provided in a participating 
Medicare or Medicaid facility.
    (a) Standard: Inpatient care for symptom control. Inpatient care for 
pain control and symptom management must be provided in one of the 
following:
    (1) A hospice that meets the condition of participation for 
providing inpatient care directly as specified in Sec. 418.100.
    (2) A hospital or an SNF that also meets the standards specified in 
Sec. 418.100 (a) and (e) regarding 24-hour nursing service and patient 
areas.
    (b) Standard: Inpatient care for respite purposes. Inpatient care 
for respite purposes must be provided by one of the following:
    (1) A provider specified in paragraph (a) of this section.
    (2) An ICF that also meets the standards specified in Sec. 418.100 
(a) and (e) regarding 24-hour nursing service and patient areas.
    (c) Standard: Inpatient care limitation. The total number of 
inpatient days used by Medicare beneficiaries who elected hospice 
coverage in any 12-month period preceding a certification survey in a 
particular hospice may not exceed 20 percent of the total number of 
hospice days for this group of beneficiaries.
    (d) Standard: Exemption from limitation. Until October 1, 1986, any 
hospice that began operation before January 1, 1975 is not subject to 
the limitation specified in paragraph (c).

[48 FR 56026, Dec. 16, 1983, as amended at 55 FR 50835, Dec. 11, 1990]
[Page 701-703]
 
Sec. 418.100  Condition of participation  Hospices that provide inpatient care directly.

    A hospice that provides inpatient care directly must comply with all 
of the following standards.
    (a) Standard: Twenty-four-hour nursing services. (1) The facility 
provides 24-hour nursing services which are sufficient to meet total 
nursing needs and which are in accordance with the patient plan of care. 
Each patient receives treatments, medications, and diet as prescribed, 
and is kept comfortable, clean, well-groomed, and protected from 
accident, injury, and infection.
    (2) Each shift must include a registered nurse who provides direct 
patient care.
    (b) Standard: Disaster preparedness. The hospice has an acceptable 
written plan, periodically rehearsed with staff, with procedures to be 
followed in the event of an internal or external disaster and for the 
care of casualties (patients and personnel) arising from such disasters.
    (c) Standard: Health and safety laws. The hospice must meet all 
Federal, State, and local laws, regulations, and codes pertaining to 
health and safety, such as provisions regulating--
    (1) Construction, maintenance, and equipment for the hospice;
    (2) Sanitation;
    (3) Communicable and reportable diseases; and
    (4) Post mortem procedures.
    (d) Standard: Fire protection. (1) Except as provided in paragraphs 
(d) (2) and (3) of this section, the hospice must meet the provisions of 
the 1985 edition of the Life Safety Code of the National Fire Protection 
Association (which is incorporated by reference)1 that are 
applicable to hospices.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ See footnote to Sec. 405.1134(a) of this chapter.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (2) In consideration of a recommendation by the State survey agency, 
HCFA may waive, for periods deemed appropriate, specific provisions of 
the Life Safety Code which, if rigidly applied would result in 
unreasonable hardship for the hospice, but only if the waiver would not 
adversely affect the health and safety of the patients.
    (3) Any hospice that, on May 9, 1988, complies with the requirements 
of the 1981 edition of the Life Safety Code, with or without waivers, 
will be considered to be in compliance with this standard, as long as 
the hospice continues to remain in compliance with that edition of the 
Life Safety Code.

[[Page 702]]

    (4) Any facility of two or more stories that is not of fire 
resistive construction and is participating on the basis of a waiver of 
construction type or height, may not house blind, nonambulatory, or 
physically handicapped patients above the street-level floor unless the 
facility--
    (i) Is one of the following construction types (as defined in the 
Life Safety Code):
    (A) Type II (1, 1, 1)--protected non-combustible.
    (B) Fully sprinklered Type II (0, 0, 0)--non-combustible.
    (C) Fully sprinklered Type III (2, 1, 1)--protected ordinary.
    (D) Fully sprinklered Type V (1, 1, 1)--protected wood frame; or
    (ii) Achieves a passing score on the Fire Safety Evaluation System 
(FSES).
    (e) Standard: Patient areas. (1) The hospice must design and equip 
areas for the comfort and privacy of each patient and family members.
    (2) The hospice must have--
    (i) Physical space for private patient/family visiting;
    (ii) Accommodations for family members to remain with the patient 
throughout the night;
    (iii) Accommodations for family privacy after a patient's death; and
    (iv) Decor which is homelike in design and function.
    (3) Patients must be permitted to receive visitors at any hour, 
including small children.
    (f) Standard: Patient rooms and toilet facilities. Patient rooms are 
designed and equipped for adequate nursing care and the comfort and 
privacy of patients.
    (1) Each patient's room must--
    (i) Be equipped with or conveniently located near toilet and bathing 
facilities;
    (ii) Be at or above grade level;
    (iii) Contain a suitable bed for each patient and other appropriate 
furniture;
    (iv) Have closet space that provides security and privacy for 
clothing and personal belongings;
    (v) Contain no more than four beds;
    (vi) Measure at least 100 square feet for a single patient room or 
80 square feet for each patient for a multipatient room; and
    (vii) Be equipped with a device for calling the staff member on 
duty.
    (2) For an existing building, HCFA may waive the space and occupancy 
requirements of paragraphs (f)(1) (v) and (vi) of this section for as 
long as it is considered appropriate if it finds that--
    (i) The requirements would result in unreasonable hardship on the 
hospice if strictly enforced; and
    (ii) The waiver serves the particular needs of the patients and does 
not adversely affect their health and safety.
    (g) Standard: Bathroom facilities. The hospice must--
    (1) Provide an adequate supply of hot water at all times for patient 
use; and
    (2) Have plumbing fixtures with control valves that automatically 
regulate the temperature of the hot water used by patients.
    (h) Standard: Linen. The hospice has available at all times a 
quantity of linen essential for proper care and comfort of patients. 
Linens are handled, stored, processed, and transported in such a manner 
as to prevent the spread of infection.
    (i) Standard: Isolation areas. The hospice must make provision for 
isolating patients with infectious diseases.
    (j) Standard: Meal service, menu planning, and supervision. The 
hospice must--
    (1) Serve at least three meals or their equivalent each day at 
regular times, with not more than 14 hours between a substantial evening 
meal and breakfast;
    (2) Procure, store, prepare, distribute, and serve all food under 
sanitary conditions;
    (3) Have a staff member trained or experienced in food management or 
nutrition who is responsible for--
    (i) Planning menus that meet the nutritional needs of each patient, 
following the orders of the patient's physician and, to the extent 
medically possible, the recommended dietary allowances of the Food and 
Nutrition Board of the National Research Council, National Academy of 
Sciences (Recommended Dietary Allowances (9th ed., 1981) is available 
from the Printing and Publications Office, National Academy of Sciences, 
Washington, DC 20418); and

[[Page 703]]

    (ii) Supervising the meal preparation and service to ensure that the 
menu plan is followed; and
    (4) If the hospice has patients who require medically prescribed 
special diets, have the menus for those patients planned by a 
professionally qualified dietitian and supervise the preparation and 
serving of meals to ensure that the patient accepts the special diet.
    (k) Standard: Pharmaceutical services. The hospice provides 
appropriate methods and procedures for the dispensing and administering 
of drugs and biologicals. Whether drugs and biologicals are obtained 
from community or institutional pharmacists or stocked by the facility, 
the facility is responsible for drugs and biologicals for its patients, 
insofar as they are covered under the program and for ensuring that 
pharmaceutical services are provided in accordance with accepted 
professional principles and appropriate Federal, State, and local laws. 
(See Sec. 405.1124(g), (h), and (i) of this chapter.)
    (1) Licensed pharmacist. The hospice must--
    (i) Employ a licensed pharmacist; or
    (ii) Have a formal agreement with a licensed pharmacist to advise 
the hospice on ordering, storage, administration, disposal, and 
recordkeeping of drugs and biologicals.
    (2) Orders for medications. (i) A physician must order all 
medications for the patient.
    (ii) If the medication order is verbal--
    (A) The physician must give it only to a licensed nurse, pharmacist, 
or another physician; and
    (B) The individual receiving the order must record and sign it 
immediately and have the prescribing physician sign it in a manner 
consistent with good medical practice.
    (3) Administering medications. Medications are administered only by 
one of the following individuals:
    (i) A licensed nurse or physician.
    (ii) An employee who has completed a State-approved training program 
in medication administration.
    (iii) The patient if his or her attending physician has approved.
    (4) Control and accountability. The pharmaceutical service has 
procedures for control and accountability of all drugs and biologicals 
throughout the facility. Drugs are dispensed in compliance with Federal 
and State laws. Records of receipt and disposition of all controlled 
drugs are maintained in sufficient detail to enable an accurate 
reconciliation. The pharmacist determines that drug records are in order 
and that an account of all controlled drugs is maintained and 
reconciled.
    (5) Labeling of drugs and biologicals. The labeling of drugs and 
biologicals is based on currently accepted professional principles, and 
includes the appropriate accessory and cautionary instructions, as well 
as the expiration date when applicable.
    (6) Storage. In accordance with State and Federal laws, all drugs 
and biologicals are stored in locked compartments under proper 
temperature controls and only authorized personnel have access to the 
keys. Separately locked compartments are provided for storage of 
controlled drugs listed in Schedule II of the Comprehensive Drug Abuse 
Prevention & Control Act of 1970 and other drugs subject to abuse, 
except under single unit package drug distribution systems in which the 
quantity stored is minimal and a missing dose can be readily detected. 
An emergency medication kit is kept readily available.
    (7) Drug disposal. Controlled drugs no longer needed by the patient 
are disposed of in compliance with State requirements. In the absence of 
State requirements, the pharmacist and a registered nurse dispose of the 
drugs and prepare a record of the disposal.

[48 FR 56026, Dec. 16, 1983; 48 FR 57282, Dec. 29, 1983; 49 FR 23010, 
June 1, 1984, as amended at 53 FR 11509, Apr. 7, 1988; 55 FR 50835, Dec. 
11, 1990]
[CITE: 42CFR418.200]

[Page 703-704]
 
                       Subpart F--Covered Services
 
Sec. 418.200  Requirements for coverage.


    To be covered, hospice services must meet the following 
requirements. They must be reasonable and necessary for the palliation 
or management of the terminal illness as well as related conditions. The 
individual must elect hospice care in accordance with Sec. 418.24 and a 
plan of care must be established as set forth in Sec. 418.58 before 
services

[[Page 704]]

are provided. The services must be consistent with the plan of care. A 
certification that the individual is terminally ill must be completed as 
set forth in Sec. 418.22.
[Page 704]
 
                       Subpart F--Covered Services
 
Sec. 418.202  Covered services.

    All services must be performed by appropriately qualified personnel, 
but it is the nature of the service, rather than the qualification of 
the person who provides it, that determines the coverage category of the 
service. The following services are covered hospice services:
    (a) Nursing care provided by or under the supervision of a 
registered nurse.
    (b) Medical social services provided by a social worker under the 
direction of a physician.
    (c) Physicians' services performed by a physician as defined in 
Sec. 410.20 of this chapter except that the services of the hospice 
medical director or the physician member of the interdisciplinary group 
must be performed by a doctor of medicine or osteopathy.
    (d) Counseling services provided to the terminally ill individual 
and the family members or other persons caring for the individual at 
home. Counseling, including dietary counseling, may be provided both for 
the purpose of training the individual's family or other caregiver to 
provide care, and for the purpose of helping the individual and those 
caring for him or her to adjust to the individual's approaching death.
    (e) Short-term inpatient care provided in a participating hospice 
inpatient unit, or a participating hospital or SNF, that additionally 
meets the standards in Sec. 418.202 (a) and (e) regarding staffing and 
patient areas. Services provided in an inpatient setting must conform to 
the written plan of care. Inpatient care may be required for procedures 
necessary for pain control or acute or chronic symptom management.

Inpatient care may also be furnished as a means of providing respite for 
the individual's family or other persons caring for the individual at 
home. Respite care must be furnished as specified in Sec. 418.98(b). 
Payment for inpatient care will be made at the rate appropriate to the 
level of care as specified in Sec. 418.302.
    (f) Medical appliances and supplies, including drugs and 
biologicals. Only drugs as defined in section 1861(t) of the Act and 
which are used primarily for the relief of pain and symptom control 
related to the individual's terminal illness are covered. Appliances may 
include covered durable medical equipment as described in Sec. 410.38 of 
this chapter as well as other self-help and personal comfort items 
related to the palliation or management of the patient's terminal 
illness. Equipment is provided by the hospice for use in the patient's 
home while he or she is under hospice care. Medical supplies include 
those that are part of the written plan of care.
    (g) Home health aide services furnished by qualified aides as 
designated in Sec. 418.94 and homemaker services. Home health aides may 
provide personal care services as defined in Sec. 409.45(b) of this 
chapter. Aides may perform household services to maintain a safe and 
sanitary environment in areas of the home used by the patient, such as 
changing bed linens or light cleaning and laundering essential to the 
comfort and cleanliness of the patient. Aide services must be provided 
under the general supervision of a registered nurse. Homemaker services 
may include assistance in maintenance of a safe and healthy environment 
and services to enable the individual to carry out the treatment plan.
    (h) Physical therapy, occupational therapy and speech-language 
pathology services in addition to the services described in Sec. 409.33 
(b) and (c) of this chapter provided for purposes of symptom control or 
to enable the patient to maintain activities of daily living and basic 
functional skills.

[48 FR 56026, Dec. 16, 1983, as amended at 51 FR 41351, Nov. 14, 1986; 
55 FR 50835, Dec. 11, 1990; 59 FR 65498, Dec. 20, 1994]

[Page 704-705]
 
 
Sec. 418.204  Special coverage requirements.

    (a) Periods of crisis. Nursing care may be covered on a continuous 
basis for as much as 24 hours a day during periods of crisis as 
necessary to maintain an individual at home. Either homemaker or home 
health aide services or both may be covered on a 24-hour continuous 
basis during periods of crisis but

[[Page 705]]

care during these periods must be predominantly nursing care. A period 
of crisis is a period in which the individual requires continuous care 
to achieve palliation or management of acute medical symptoms.
    (b) Respite care. (1) Respite care is short-term inpatient care 
provided to the individual only when necessary to relieve the family 
members or other persons caring for the individual.
    (2) Respite care may be provided only on an occasional basis and may 
not be reimbursed for more than five consecutive days at a time.
    (c) Bereavement counseling. Bereavement counseling is a required 
hospice service but it is not reimbursable.

[48 FR 56026, Dec. 16, 1983, as amended at 55 FR 50835, Dec. 11, 1990]
[CITE: 42CFR418.301]
[Page 705]
 
                   Subpart G--Payment for Hospice Care
 
Sec. 418.301  Basic rules.


    (a) Medicare payment for covered hospice care is made in accordance 
with the method set forth in Sec. 418.302.
    (b) Medicare reimbursement to a hospice in a cap period is limited 
to a cap amount specified in Sec. 418.309.

[48 FR 56026, Dec. 16, 1983, as amended at 56 FR 26919, June 12, 1991]
[Page 705]
                   
Sec. 418.301  Basic rules.


    (a) Medicare payment for covered hospice care is made in accordance 
with the method set forth in Sec. 418.302.
    (b) Medicare reimbursement to a hospice in a cap period is limited 
to a cap amount specified in Sec. 418.309.

[48 FR 56026, Dec. 16, 1983, as amended at 56 FR 26919, June 12, 1991]



[Page 706-707]
 
 
Sec. 418.304  Payment for physician services.

    (a) The following services performed by hospice physicians are 
included in the rates described in Sec. 418.302:
    (1) General supervisory services of the medical director.
    (2) Participation in the establishment of plans of care, supervision 
of care and services, periodic review and updating of plans of care, and 
establishment of governing policies by the physician member of the 
interdisciplinary group.
    (b) For services not described in paragraph (a) of this section, a 
specified Medicare contractor pays the hospice an amount equivalent to 
100 percent of the physician's reasonable charge for those physician 
services furnished by hospice employees or under arrangements with the 
hospice. Reimbursement for these physician services is included in the 
amount subject to the hospice payment limit described in Sec. 418.309. 
Services furnished voluntarily by physicians are not reimbursable.

[[Page 707]]

    (c) Services of the patient's attending physician, if he or she is 
not an employee of the hospice or providing services under arrangements 
with the hospice, are not considered hospice services and are not 
included in the amount subject to the hospice payment limit described in 
Sec. 418.309. These services are paid by the carrier under the 
procedures in subparts D or E, part 405 of this chapter.


[Page 707]
 
Sec. 418.306  Determination of payment rates.

    (a) Applicability. HCFA establishes payment rates for each of the 
categories of hospice care described in Sec. 418.302(b). The rates are 
established using the methodology described in section 1814(i)(1)(C) of 
the Act.
    (b) Payment rates. The payment rates for routine home care and other 
services included in hospice care are as follows:
    (1) The following rates, which are 120 percent of the rates in 
effect on September 30, 1989, are effective January 1, 1990 through 
September 30, 1990 and October 21, 1990 through December 31, 1990:

Routine home care.............................................    $75.80
Continuous home care:
  Full rate for 24 hours......................................    442.40
  Hourly rate.................................................     18.43
Inpatient respite care........................................     78.40
General inpatient care........................................    337.20


    (2) Except for the period beginning October 21, 1990, through 
December 31, 1990, the payment rates for routine home care and other 
services included in hospice care for Federal fiscal years 1991, 1992, 
and 1993 and those that begin on or after October 1, 1997, are the 
payment rates in effect under this paragraph during the previous fiscal 
year increased by the market basket percentage increase as defined in 
section 1886(b)(3)(B)(iii) of the Act, otherwise applicable to 
discharges occurring in the fiscal year. The payment rates for the 
period beginning October 21, 1990, through December 31, 1990, are the 
same as those shown in paragraph (b)(1) of this section.
    (3) For Federal fiscal years 1994 through 1997, the payment rate is 
the payment rate in effect during the previous fiscal year increased by 
a factor equal to the market basket percentage increase minus--
    (i) 2 percentage points in FY 1994;
    (ii) 1.5 percentage points in FYs 1995 and 1996; and
    (iii) 0.5 percentage points in FY 1997.
    (c) Adjustment for wage differences. HCFA will issue annually, in 
the Federal Register, a hospice wage index based on the most current 
available HCFA hospital wage data, including any changes to the 
definitions of Metropolitan Statistical Areas. The payment rates 
established by HCFA are adjusted by the intermediary to reflect local 
differences in wages according to the revised wage index.
    (d) Federal Register notices. HCFA publishes as a notice in the 
Federal Register any proposal to change the methodology for determining 
the payment rates.

[56 FR 26919, June 12, 1991, as amended at 59 FR 26960, May 25, 1994; 62 
FR 42882, Aug. 8, 1997]
[Page 707]
  
Sec. 418.307  Periodic interim payments.

    Subject to the provisions of Sec. 413.64(h) of this chapter, a 
hospice may elect to receive periodic interim payments (PIP) effective 
with claims received on or after July 1, 1987. Payment is made biweekly 
under the PIP method unless the hospice requests a longer fixed interval 
(not to exceed one month) between payments. The biweekly interim payment 
amount is based on the total estimated Medicare payments for the 
reporting period (as described in Secs. 418.302-418.306). Each payment 
is made 2 weeks after the end of a biweekly period of service as 
described in Sec. 413.64(h)(5) of this chapter. Under certain 
circumstances that are described in Sec. 413.64(g) of this chapter, a 
hospice that is not receiving PIP may request an accelerated payment.

[59 FR 36713, July 19, 1994]
[Page 707-708]
                         
Sec. 418.308  Limitation on the amount of hospice payments.

    (a) Except as specified in paragraph (b) of this section, the total 
Medicare payment to a hospice for care furnished during a cap period is 
limited by the hospice cap amount specified in Sec. 418.309.

[[Page 708]]

    (b) Until October 1, 1986, payment to a hospice that began operation 
before January 1, 1975 is not limited by the amount of the hospice cap 
specified in Sec. 418.309.
    (c) The intermediary notifies the hospice of the determination of 
program reimbursement at the end of the cap year in accordance with 
procedures similar to those described in Sec. 405.1803 of this chapter.
    (d) Payments made to a hospice during a cap period that exceed the 
cap amount are overpayments and must be refunded.

[48 FR 56026, Dec. 16, 1983; 48 FR 57282, Dec. 29, 1983]



[Page 708]
  
Sec. 418.309  Hospice cap amount.

    The hospice cap amount is calculated using the following procedures:
    (a) The cap amount is $6,500 per year and is adjusted for inflation 
or deflation for cap years that end after October 1, 1984, by using the 
percentage change in the medical care expenditure category of the 
Consumer Price Index (CPI) for urban consumers that is published by the 
Bureau of Labor Statistics. This adjustment is made using the change in 
the CPI from March 1984 to the fifth month of the cap year. The cap year 
runs from November 1 of each year until October 31 of the following 
year.
    (b) Each hospice's cap amount is calculated by the intermediary by 
multiplying the adjusted cap amount determined in paragraph (a) of this 
section by the number of Medicare beneficiaries who elected to receive 
hospice care from that hospice during the cap period. For purposes of 
this calculation, the number of Medicare beneficiaries includes--
    (1) Those Medicare beneficiaries who have not previously been 
included in the calculation of any hospice cap and who have filed an 
election to receive hospice care, in accordance with Sec. 418.24, from 
the hospice during the period beginning on September 28 (35 days before 
the beginning of the cap period) and ending on September 27 (35 days 
before the end of the cap period).
    (2) In the case in which a beneficiary has elected to receive care 
from more than one hospice, each hospice includes in its number of 
Medicare beneficiaries only that fraction which represents the portion 
of a patient's total stay in all hospices that was spent in that 
hospice. (The hospice can obtain this information by contacting the 
intermediary.)

[Page 708]
 
 
Sec. 418.310  Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.

    Hospices must provide reports and keep records as the Secretary 
determines necessary to administer the program.
[Page 708]
  
Sec. 418.311  Administrative appeals.

    A hospice that believes its payments have not been properly 
determined in accordance with these regulations may request a review 
from the intermediary or the Provider Reimbursement Review Board (PRRB) 
if the amount in controversy is at least $1,000 or $10,000, 
respectively. In such a case, the procedure in 42 CFR part 405, subpart 
R, will be followed to the extent that it is applicable. The PRRB, 
subject to review by the Secretary under Sec. 405.1874 of this chapter, 
shall have the authority to determine the issues raised. The methods and 
standards for the calculation of the payment rates by HCFA are not 
subject to appeal.
[Page 708-709]
 
 
                         Subpart H--Coinsurance
 
Sec. 418.400  Individual liability for coinsurance for hospice care.


    An individual who has filed an election for hospice care in 
accordance with Sec. 418.24 is liable for the following coinsurance 
payments. Hospices may charge individuals the applicable coinsurance 
amounts.
    (a) Drugs and biologicals. An individual is liable for a coinsurance 
payment for each palliative drug and biological prescription furnished 
by the hospice while the individual is not an inpatient. The amount of 
coinsurance for each prescription approximates 5 percent of the cost of 
the drug or biological to the hospice determined in accordance with the 
drug copayment schedule established by the hospice, except that the 
amount of coinsurance for each prescription may not exceed $5. The cost 
of the drug or biological may not exceed what a prudent buyer would pay 
in similar circumstances.

[[Page 709]]

The drug copayment schedule must be reviewed for reasonableness and 
approved by the intermediary before it is used.
    (b) Respite care. (1) The amount of coinsurance for each respite 
care day is equal to 5 percent of the payment made by HCFA for a respite 
care day.
    (2) The amount of the individual's coinsurance liability for respite 
care during a hospice coinsurance period may not exceed the inpatient 
hospital deductible applicable for the year in which the hospice 
coinsurance period began.
    (3) The individual hospice coinsurance period--
    (i) Begins on the first day an election filed in accordance with 
Sec. 418.24 is in effect for the beneficiary; and
    (ii) Ends with the close of the first period of 14 consecutive days 
on each of which an election is not in effect for the beneficiary.

[Page 709]
  
Sec. 418.402  Individual liability for services that are not considered hospice care.

    Medicare payment to the hospice discharges an individual's liability 
for payment for all services, other than the hospice coinsurance amounts 
described in Sec. 418.400, that are considered covered hospice care (as 
described in Sec. 418.202). The individual is liable for the Medicare 
deductibles and coinsurance payments and for the difference between the 
reasonable and actual charge on unassigned claims on other covered 
services that are not considered hospice care. Examples of services not 
considered hospice care include: Services furnished before or after a 
hospice election period; services of the individual's attending 
physician, if the attending physician is not an employee of or working 
under an arrangement with the hospice; or Medicare services received for 
the treatment of an illness or injury not related to the individual's 
terminal condition.
[Page 709]
 
 
Sec. 418.405  Effect of coinsurance liability on Medicare payment.

    The Medicare payment rates established by HCFA in accordance with 
Sec. 418.306 are not reduced when the individual is liable for 
coinsurance payments. Instead, when establishing the payment rates, HCFA 
offsets the estimated cost of services by an estimate of average 
coinsurance amounts hospices collect.

[56 FR 26919, June 12, 1991]


*************************************************************************

[The above law is as posted at the Government Printing Office Website at:
http://www.access.gpo.gov/nara/cfr/waisidx_00/42cfr418_00.html
[Revised as of October 1, 2000]
*************************************************************************



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